Why this book?
The ease with which services are provided cross-border has increased considerably through the years, but this has not been reflected in the model conventions. Although this may not be an important issue when the flow of services between states is similar, it can have a huge impact on the collecting rights of states into which these services are mainly imported, such as developing countries. Nonetheless, developing countries’ claims for more source taxation of services have been consistently neglected in model conventions.
With the intent of analysing whether the claims of developing countries are valid, as well as examining how the current system was structured, the author studies the legal and economic theories that support source and residence taxation and the historical documents concerning model conventions drafted by the League of Nations, the OECD and the United Nations. Furthermore, to better grasp the perspective of developing countries, the author analyses the situations of Brazil and India regarding the taxation of services in their domestic legislation and in their tax treaties, comparing the provisions of the latter with the current provisions in model tax conventions.
After ascertaining that the pleas of developing countries for more source taxation of services income are supported by legal and economic theory, above all by the right to development, which has been duly recognized by states in the United Nations sphere, and that the more powerful developing countries have been successful in mirroring their domestic law in their treaties, the author studies the proposals that have been made to increase source taxing rights regarding services income. Ultimately, after ascertaining that these measures are insufficient, he embarks on developing a new provision on the taxation of services that is in line with the right to development and that, he argues, should be adopted in double tax treaties between developed and developing countries.
This book is part of the IBFD Doctoral Series
Fernando Souza de Man is an assistant professor at Maastricht University, where he also obtained his PhD. He specializes in tax treaties, more specifically in the different interests of developed and developing countries when signing these instruments.